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Zapatista Movement

1 January  1994 known as the Zapatistas , Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN ) in Chiapas province of Mexico in the city of San Cristobal de las Casas has created a riot .  1 January  1994 this day as the beginning of the revolt was selected following the North American Trade Agreement (NAFTA ) entered into force on the day comes from that . Slogans was: Ya basta ! ( “Enough is enough ! “). The Zapatistas from the beginning, injustice and humiliation of five hundred years against the outputs and the autonomy of requests , neo -liberalism and NAFTA part and symbol that against imperialism worldwide current struggle ties say that .

We have to keep in mind the following Chiapas, Mexico’s poorest regions and is probably the overwhelming majority of the population “native “, that is composed of people . The first Catholic bishop of Chiapas lives of indigenous peoples to defend their right to equal treatment one dedicated 16 century Dominican friar , was Bartolomé de Las Casas . 1994 Las Casas ‘s time to see what the locals were given this right .

In 2001, during the Mexican Zapatistas organized a peaceful march towards the capital . However, in the Mexican legislature , to enact the principles of reconciliation hoped to press . Walking was enormous , but still stayed council against it . In 2005, the Zapatista’s ” Other Campaign ” launched . Objectives in other states with less near -bearing group aims to launch an alliance between Zapatistas these efforts , although still a tremendous did not change the current policy of the Mexican government .

Zapatistas in the 2006 elections , Felipe Calderón of the conservative likely to win against a tense electoral competition within the center-left presidential candidate Andrés Manuel López Obrador has vehemently refused to support . This movement Zapatista sympathizers in Mexico López Obrador ‘s election to lose , and it caused a great rift between those who think that the rest of the world has caused . The roots of this attitude of the Zapatistas , the choice of policy is thought did not work . Zapatistas in Brazil, Lula , Chavez in Venezuela , Latin America’s middle left of the president approach to their oppressed majority on the floor of a fundamental change that can not , top-down movements argued that because they , is highly critical . Zapatistas spoke about the good government of Cuba is the only Latin American governments in the true sense because the only government they are considered to be anti-capitalist . A little on the world stage farklı.1994 table of Zapatista rebellion movements against the world system , no doubt a great source of inspiration . For this, the World Trade Organization (WTO ) meeting, which cause irreparable suffered a rout of the Seattle protests in 1999 paved the way is sure to be a turning point . WTO impasse today in the northern half of the south you are moribund state of the Zapatistas in that if you need to deliver the right . The aim from the very beginning , the Zapatistas and their concerns and wanted to support active worldwide . They’re pretty good about that . Some succumbed to the worldwide support falling down, the lateness , December 2007 conference to revive the alliance has a clear effort .

What is fundamentally wrong in today’s world and that of the capitalist world itself insisted on changing what they emphasize that requires a real struggle . It is of course not the first proponents of the Zapatistas . These are their opinions and fight the problems of urban industrial proletariat think they kept limited to the Old Left ‘s traditional analysis finds more narrow opinion is a part of the post-1968 .

Impact of the Media in Revolution

One small fire engulfed the entire Middle East and North African countries . After the Jasmine Revolution in Tunisia , very few people , in such a short time and in a great country like Egypt, rooted in power for 30 years, Hosni Mubarak would have guessed that they would have to leave his seat . In the same days, Jordan, Yemen, Morocco, Bahrain , Iraq, Libya and other countries in the region that erupted in riots, the world is sitting on the top of his agenda . This revolution speed of the process of political, economic, international and systemic cause-effect already the most discussed issues of the agenda is set. However, the same process to do something very important to analyze the size of the media influence and contribution in this process . At Al-Jazeera and social media , including the revolutions in the Middle East and North Africa experienced in the process of analyzing the impact of the media to understand and impossible to make sense .

Middle East and North African revolution if analyzed the impact of the media on al-Jazeera should be considered together, the second address social media. Social media that has become the trend of recent years, more independent and varied, more flexible and open to differences in the field of communication has opened a can be personalized. Many of us first that comes to mind is Facebook and Twitter, essentially only a part of social media, many of them outside the field of communication is available. This field computer or mobile device that is suitable for everyone to use and no one wants without direct control of the area can establish a communication with people has become a medium. In a matter of a few hours a group of people who are sensitive communicates with Facebook, Twitter share can fill the largest square in the city the next morning. Al-Jazeera after the uprisings in the region, therefore the major elements that have influence on social media networks.

Starting from Tunisia , Egypt and some other countries , especially the things we see , the regime was shut down access to the internet before swinging leaders . Thus, young people would not be so easy to organize . Internet and mobile communications in the period in which it is so easy for the realization of the popular uprising like today was more difficult in any case . At least 15-20 years in power in the Middle East displeasure with satellite leader , there were maybe 10 years ago in the Arab peoples . But it is precisely the emergence of channels like Al-Jazeera and social media with the multiplier effect of this revolt has become possible today . For example, inspired by Tunisia and psychological support area of Egyptians filled Tahrir Square , Tahrir Square and psychological support area inspired by other Arab societies descended to occur . This is uncontrollable ” exceed the threshold ” process . Middle East and North African societies had been rescued after the period of colonialism , most of them originated in the military so excited the first time against the leaders and their inner colonies no longer intend to clean .

Many people on the turning point in the history of the world , fed by conspiracy theories tend to think in a way . ” Big Brother” I see everything directed by the perception of a world system , in explaining the reason for social transformation as one of the most widely used method emerges . However, this method though is another name for the easy , though . Today’s Middle East and North Africa in transition, of course, has the effect of major powers . However, everything on this basis to explain the current uprisings in the Arab societies disrespect , as well as unsustainable in the Middle East in order to occur would be playing dumb . Yes, indeed the Camp David order in the Middle East and the situation became unsustainable society, primarily through al-Jazeera saw in his mirror . Hosni Mubarak, in power for 30 years, along with the U.S. and Israel as a partner of the Camp David order before anyone else did not offend the people of Egypt ? But society rebelled against the regime in order to govern themselves oppression they see the back wall climbing were required to demonstrate courage . Here’s what happened the last 10 years in the region , beginning with the invasion of Iraq and the ongoing process of Turkey in Davos , Arab societies , it does not exceed the wall will have the courage came to the edge of the psychological threshold . Accumulated over the years of the economic and social problems , corruption and repressive regimes already pointed out to the point of a social explosion . Then one day a young 26 -year-old has set himself on fire in the minds of the media and its ” revolution” occurred at a time overflowed . Today, the changes in the Middle East and North Africa behind the process a ” media revolution ” there. The impact of this revolution continued as long as the process of change will continue in the region .


A Virtual World

Radio, television, communication channels and diversifies the internet, we also began to change the nature of communication. 21 The first decade of the century, the Internet began to gain our lives and now we can not do without a net was a period. The fact we are in the era of information and technology, virtual reality begins to leave the place must have been a period. In the production of knowledge, sharing and re-production of the web-based technology began to be widely used social media during this period, almost as a social sharing space creates its own reality. In the most general sense of social media , people’s ideas , opinions, experiences, and perspectives to share and use to communicate with each other their “online platforms” as defined. The key concepts of “social ” and “media ” concepts. The Internet, a message to the recipient due to the transport function of the media is very powerful , no doubt . However, people over the internet exists as an information sharing and communication of their existence , they will point their socialization clear that the issue should be questioned . Social media described as the means of communication that provide people with opportunities and freedom can not be ignored , of course . However, the fact that these social media tools and social life itself whether , just create a virtual reality dimension that needs to be well understood . Think of a person ; able to meet their basic needs through the internet . Video speaks to everyone , deposit money account and send money to other accounts , doing all your shopping from the internet , school lessons etc from the internet is . You can extend this list as you want . In a nutshell I want to say , a display can regulate the lives of all people in a world wonder , is still ” a social entity ” asdefined ? We were in the “unavoidable in the world of virtuality ” people should avoid direct contact and experience many things from the experience of computer and mobile phone screens are . Our lives easier in respect of the parties to an appeal may not be one, but the fact that social media people “asocial” We need to see that it is a party. We do not talk to people, they are projected onto the screen by talking with, people do not see, we see by their projected onto the screen. If we do not understand the difference, then you really socialize with social media, we are led to believe. Whereas that is happening, “a virtual socialization” and the truth and nothing but a distorted reflection. Both visual and verbal sense of how we want to be the person on the other side of the screen so it is possible to build a virtual reality virtual worlds. This is actually not only a basic understanding of social media is a problematic basis of modern means of communication. Social media people are able to interact with people in different geographies or faster are said to be organized and this and there are so many useful and meaningful dimension of social media tools. However, they should not forget that a function. How millions of people the world over mainly through social media “socializing” that fall under the label of a virtual reality need to look at. This particular young people in the realm of virtual reality, virtual relationships into real life as you pass their time with a firm step assignments are living in distress. Social media tools, virtual reality is different from discussion and more “emotional” sizes are also available. Today, 50 billion dollars for Facebook, Twitter and in the case are valued at $ 10 billion. And many other internet-based social networking site available and installed on their total money when there is a market. Of course, almost all of them, which is the motherland of social media in the United States. The Internet, which brings a new dimension of global capitalism and the new, which summarizes very well today should be seen as an expression. The last ten years, the man can not do without Google, will not now becoming the social media-less. This motif of people addicted to the internet, contact with real people no longer even start building via computer or mobile phone is becoming a consumer. Defining the digital capitalism is largely an accurate characterization of the main engine of this web. Social media, including the internet of people becoming addicted to prepare the ground in all internet-based communication tools, directly or indirectly, in these digital tools of capitalism. So a teenager sitting by the computer for communication purposes, a portion of the time before the later part of his life across the screen “spending” begins. This dependence of the effect of social influence how over the years will bring forth time will tell.  As a result, social media, because it is in essence a virtual reality environment to socialize as people, but virtual. Be aware of this issue. Consciously aware of it using social media as a user object in position before turning into a consumer presence in the virtual world can sustain. This form allows social media. However, unfortunately, in Turkey and in the world generally the internet, in particular social media addict deprived of millions of people in a way that consciousness exists in virtual reality themselves in an effort to make it live. The main problem of the people in real life friendships in the virtual world or play over the internet instead of putting the events in the game to gain real life. An aspect of social media to communicate with people migrating to other aspects of the people by making them dependent on computer or mobile phone is to substantially.

Questions on Social Movements in Turkey (Gezi)

  1. What are the main problems in Turkey, according to the demonstrants ? How did these problems occur ? How and by whom may these problems be solved ? Which weight do these problems have, in the protesting of the demonstrants ?
  2. What do the Gezi Park demonstrants expect of their protests? What do they think, what would change how much and in which way ?
  3. How do the Gezi Park demonstrations effect the politics in Turkey ? How are the different ideological enviroments seeing the Gezi Park protests ?

The incident that is happening in Egypt is revolution or coup ?

After the second stop of the Arab Spring in Egypt, Tunisia still have not reached a layout everything . While fighting with the country’s political and economic instability , democratically elected by the vote of a majority of the people who came to power the first President Mohammed Mursi has become the opposition’s main goal is . Mubarak’s toppling of the process , from the 2011 constitutional referendum , in 2012 the People’s Assembly and Shura Council elections , presidential elections , and finally the new constitutional referendum lost fülul fronts a controlled configured revolt and a wave of violence and 30 June elected president, Mursi dismissed launched plans to purchase .

With the support of the countries of the Gulf of businessmen close to Mubarak , woodcutters called to criminal groups , on June 30 to attack the Brotherhood’s buildings have significant evidence that they are handing out money . That took place during the Mursi electricity, water outages immediately after the coup long fuel queues have disappeared for some reason , fill it with water to wells and extending into Gaza border crossings to close the prosperity of the first tasks has been junta .

Elected President Mohammed Mursi global aided by a coup overthrowing the then interim president and prime minister identified a temporary cabinet of installation work , while continuing subversive opposition side of the soldier role “temporary” would ” expectation” had , but this did not happen .

The world that performs a coup supported by the military , politics will not compromise on hegemony is naive to expect the most simple words . That democracy is nothing more to expect from the army .
From Turkey to Thailand , Argentina, Chile , Nigeria, Pakistan has no impact to bring democracy .

Khaled Fahmy ‘ We did not risk our lives to simply change the players’ in a portion of an article entitled
“As a secularist , I am not in favor of the Muslim Brotherhood coming to power in Egypt , and I ran Remain deeply skeptical of its political program , believing that much of it is vague and impractical . But as an Egyptian hoping for freedom and justice for my country , I am deeply convinced that the Muslim Brotherhood has a place within a free and democratic Egypt . ” Said. I agree with this sentence in a democracy people should be able to express their ideas freely and believe that the richness of diversity .

Mursi ‘s fault that he also accepted most of the lost votes in the next election as he is supposed to return the point we are now , not only for Egypt is an embarrassment to the region and the world . This note should be ashamed frame and actors in history .

Yılmazhan Turan