All posts by nurtopcu

Anti war movements (FİNAL PROJECT)

Being able to stop standing in the way of existing in the world, being able to remain strong through the victories of the war.This situation had contunied since centuries. As most of people had adopted this idea with the word “war” some people also was against this. People who want to take their land,borders, weak people, strong people, people want their freedom always tried to achieve this wih wars.

Activisims against wars is a social event. It started within the same decisions öf society against carrying guns. Activists work together with society and for protests in order to stop this chaos and war which is also against the governments.

Some examples for the protests against war are listed below

Protests in the USA against them war in Iraq,  the activists act to protect the rights of the civilians and children who has no guilt in the events happening in the Iraq. One other issue that activist stand for the damage of the guns using in the war and Burning oil Wells to the nature

The antiwar movement includes a wide circle besides peace movements like not being dependent on a central guidance. This mass circle showed a different acts like aggregate protests to sitting protests, people shield to hacts of computer Monsters, concerts to signature gathering,  Greenpeace acts to conscientious objection to Oscar protests, hanging posters on individual houses to people wearing pins on the streets .This antiwar movement had made a purpose to create collective conscience against people murdered in Iraq,emphasize them and create a world view on humanity.

People among different geography, region, religion, culture and society tried to Relax with their conscience by telling the things they are not happy with.  Rome with 2 million, Madrid with 2 million,  London with 1,5 million,  Newyork with 500 thousand, Berlin with 500 thousand,  Sydney again 500 thousand Paris 250thousand had joined this act and on the 15 February 2003, Saturday they created a big event among 70 country, 300 city,  about 10 million people. (Akınay,  2003:98)

Even if antiwarism is not been well cared,  a survey conducted in 2010 showed that, antiwar believes are more than war believers.

Vietnam war

An example to this can be showed as an actual against Vietnam war acts. Anti Vietnam War acts start in 1964. Before this date, there are some little groups consists of A few peace groups. The aim of these acts are to show there is an similar organization against Vietnam war. With this reason, it is seen that different groups gather in one idea.  This is just seen in the 60’s peace movements. Sometimes there can be conflict between different peace groups either. Antiwar groups are all have different purposes and methods. Capitalist and revolutionist groups are trying to demolish capitalism however women rights groups defend woman rights and freedom, but even if they all have different purposes they all come together with the idea of antiwar.

    If you are in the government begins to spread opposition to war in 1968. The most important anti-war movement is opposition within the army. Thousands of U.S. soldiers will refuse to obey orders. Hundreds of officers of the United States were killed by their own soldiers. In 1960,the civil rights movement in America anti-war movement across the country would be a great public support. From the public following the bloody conflicts of the American people begin to protest their country. Everywhere in the country at slaughter were shown on television in a detailed manner.

Containing all of the political, racial, and cultural issues of the 1960s anti-war movement will cause huge divisions in society.

Vietnam war movement against the university campuses of the middle-class slums of labor unions, government agencies, civil rights movement supporters, feminists, conscientious objectors, vietnam veterans, their religious pacifists, democrats, republicans and the clergy are so many different walks of individuals and groups have provided extensive support .

As an example of these countries define themselves as hawks and doves, two groups were formed. Hawks defending thepresidentss policies were cut. Pigeons Americans were opposed to the war. The war between the government of South Vietnam and the Vietcong in the American civil war is a need not to be mixtures were supported.Pigeons intense aerial bombardments, American troops killing civilians and chemical gas against the use of them.1960’s and 70s in the anti-war movement on a survey conducted in the men hawk support there women is higher than was observed.After the Tet offensive in January 1968, 56 percent of the American people for Atmaci, 28 percent supported the pigeons pigeons after this event has increased the proportion of support. In addition, the power of religion or religious belief of hawk or dove, but support has emerged that there is no effect. On the other hand, most of the provinces in the south of the war in American growth, whether it be of support was roaring.(Hodgson, 336)

During the war is a wide variety of tactics used by opponents of the war. Legal shown, base, organizing, lobbying in Congress, support candidates in elections pro-peace, civil disobedience, to go to the army, conscientious, self-burning, not to tax them as examples

These actions are the most popular to tax decentralization. In 1966, the government obtained from telephone tax money allocated to explain how the war goes. Thereupon pacifists (peacemakers) want to be the payment of this tax. In 1966, war tax resistance (war-tax resistance) organization is established.

Join the movement against the Vietnam War, the U.S. is the most successful movements.

 One another war; south africa border war. This call for an end to the military campaign in the anti-war movement was performed. committee was formed and the South African War resisters. remaining in this war there were many anti-war people.2005 2006 during the American against Iran a possible military intervention can be found on was talked.war anti-activists, journalists and academics to the world as announced in america Iranian nuclear bomb to produce world threat as showing a possible battle ground was prepearing told.

these reports and escalation between Iran and western states,created citizens organization.In America and in England have organized campaigns for protecting military intervention against Iran

Antimilitarism

”Antimilitarism is the contrast of war in general and not specific wars. Whatever the reason or justification for the policy as a method of warfare negative. Justified or unjustified war than he refuses to categorize.This is not due to rejection class sexual cultural interests received moral and political reasons for Antimilitarism. However, conscientious rejection and the message also is a requirement of the anti-war actions. Freedom to question whether the security community Antimilitarism Does freedom of the individual as an individual responds to the question.”

Conscientious Rejection

Conscientious objection is a compulsory status that, political, religious or moral values ​​based on the persons refusal to do military service . . Conscientious objectors to military service because of their faith in all circumstances, but those objections are refusnik, while the military who do not fulfill orders that do not fit to their conscience. They can die for the defense of Israel, but they are going to military occupation.

One of the reasons for rejection, even if the enemy is to kill people find moral. the worlds first known conscientious objectors Maximilian there of 21 Years in North Africa when he was summoned to a young Roman army were executed for stubbornly refusing to go.

for the first time on 5 September 1798 with the start of conscription in France began to organize .1. Shortly after World War WRI (War Resisters’ International – Council of War Resisters’ International was founded after the second world war and the cold war era and forth rapidly.

In western Europe in past 10 years in many countries compulsory military was demolished.  .Belgium (1995), The Netherlands (1996), France (2002), Spain (2003), Hungary and the Czech Republic (2004), Italy (1 January 2005) in other countries alternative public services are implemented. In Russia the situation is somewhat different in Russia the number of deserters higher than the number of open conscientious objectors.

Mothers of soldiers who deserted compared to the estimated annual number of 40,000 finds. No unified refusal movement in Russia. Soldiers’ Mothers Movement – supporting refusers of the most powerful movements violations of human rights support to soldiers leaving their units and polling / focus on draft evasion. This support is often not an anti-militarist perspective, life safety and health of their sons related feeds on fear. However, the Soldiers’ Mothers movement in the war in Chechnya often strongly opposes.

Conscientious objection in Turkey, it is not recognized as a right in law and on conscientious objectors conscientious objectors to a special arrangement is made, all other military-age men with Turkish nationals are treated in the same way. Conscientious objection in Turkey, despite the decision taken after the penalty call and recruitment for military service due to the continuation of the order or refusal to renounce objectors are fulfilling his military service or civil disobedience have continued. Denial or who insist on living as fugitives or recruitment despite the tasks are thrown into prison for refusing military.

Although a member of the council of europe turkey conscientious objection is one of the rare countries that refuse to recognize as eligible. Despite explaining that conscientious objection in Turkey are 220 persons.

Sources

asker doğmayanlar (pınar öğünç)

( kavramlar sözlüğü 2 ,özgür üniversite yayınları)

C.Ü. Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi küresel yeni sosyal hareketler ve savaş karşıtlığı- Ünal şentürk

media censorship and disinformation during the Gezi Park protest

The 2013 protests in Turkey started on 28 May, to contest the urban development plan for Istanbul’s Taksim Gezi Park. In order to build a shopping mall, trees of Gezi Park were going to cut off. People who rised against that situation including mostly artists and students came together and started to arrange events such as concerts, reading books and camping in Gezi Park in order to aware people about the situation. Because they want to do something against disappearing motion picture theaters and historic buildings. After, the tents of protesters were burned with their books and instruments by police on 29 May, hundred of thousands of people came to Taksim to support them against the police. Till the end of protests, attitude of government and unproportional force of police caused so many death and thosands of injuries.

 

Media censorship and disinformation

 During the protests, one of the biggest top topic was silence of the mainstream media. Social media played a key part in the protests, not least because much of the Turkish media downplayed the events, particularly in the early stages (31 May – 2 June).  Furthermore, one of the most important news channel, CNN broadcasted a documentary film about penguins while Taksim was a battlefield. So, the penguin became a symbol for resisters to protect nature. Other important news channels like NTV and HaberTurk kept silent in spite of Haberturk’s building is in Taksim. Newspapers were thought objective, were silenced by the government at the beginning. In the upcoming days, a lot of singers, from Turkey and abroad, compose new songs to aware people and animations were made satirized the minister Erdoğan over Gezi protests. Some of protesters broadcasted live with their mobile phone from resist areas. After June 3, mainstream media came to Taksim to broadcast but they came across the resister’s reaction. The resisters reacted against the mainstream media and protested them. A lot of artists who were guests on tv shows protested the mainstream channels intellectively. The resisters came together in front of channels’ buildings and protested them. Let’s see one of them.

  Along the process, yellow journalism reported as news according to expectation of the government. But the social media was client area for public in spite of including a lot of false news. The government published the resisters’ billions of tweets were looked over and warrants have been issued for a lot of resisters’ arrest. But the people could not be silence. The effects of Gezi Park protests have still continued on social and mainstream media. The resistance against bullying of the government is still going on in Turkey. After the gezi protests main subject of the media was only cost of the protests. 

Media cencorship and disinformation during the Gezi Park protest

The 2013 protests in Turkey started on 28 May, to contest the urban development plan for Istanbul’s Taksim Gezi Park. In order to build a shopping mall, trees of Gezi Park were going to cut off. People who rised against that situation including mostly artists and students came together and started to arrange events such as concerts, reading books and camping in Gezi Park in order to aware people about the situation. Because they want to do something against disappearing motion picture theaters and historic buildings. After, the tents of that people were burned with their books and instruments by police on 29 May, hundred of thousands of people came to Taksim to support them against the police. Till the end of protests, attitude of government and unproportional force of police caused so many death and thosands of injuries.

Media cencorship and disinformation

During the protests, one of the biggest top topic was silence of the mainstream media. Social media played a key part in the protests, not least because much of the Turkish media downplayed the events, particularly in the early stages (31 May – 2 June). Furthermore, one of the most important news channel, CNN broadcasted a documentary film about penguins while Taksim was a battlefield. So, the penguin became a symbol for resisters to protect nature. Other important news channels like NTV and HaberTurk kept silent in spite of Haberturk’s building is in Taksim. Newspapers were thought objective, were silenced by the government at the beginning. In the upcoming days, lots of Turkish and Kurdish singers, from Turkey and abroad, compose new songs to aware people and animations were made satirized the minister Erdoğan over Gezi protests. After June 3, mainstream media came to Taksim to broadcast but they came across the resister’s reaction. The resisters reacted against the mainstream media and protested them. A lot of artists who were guests on tv shows protested the mainstream channels intellectively. The resisters came together in front of channels’ buildings and protested them. Let’s see some of them.

Along the process, yellow journalism reported as news according to expectation of the government. But the social media was client area for public in spite of including a lot of false news. The government published the resisters’ billions of tweets were looked over and warrants have been issued for a lot of resisters’ arrest. But the people could not be silence. Graffities were against the government, on the walls were painted by the municipal corporation. So, the people found a solution with an online wall on the Internet. They could write and draw what they want and they could share them on social network sites. The effects of Gezi Park protests have still continued on social and mainstream media. The resistance against bullying of the government is still going on in Turkey.

Media cencorship and disinformation

The 2013 protests in Turkey started on 28 May, to contest the urban development plan for Istanbul’s Taksim Gezi Park. In order to build a shopping mall, trees of Gezi Park were going to cut off. People who rised against that situation including mostly artists and students came together and started to arrange events such as concerts, reading books and camping in Gezi Park in order to aware people about the situation. Because they want to do something against disappearing motion picture theaters and historic buildings. After, the tents of that people were burned with their books and instruments by police on 29 May, hundred of thousands of people came to Taksim to support them against the police. Till the end of protests, attitude of government and unproportional force of police caused so many death and thosands of injuries.

Media cencorship and disinformation

During the protests, one of the biggest top topic was silence of the mainstream media. Social media played a key part in the protests, not least because much of the Turkish media downplayed the events, particularly in the early stages (31 May – 2 June). Furthermore, one of the most important news channel, CNN broadcasted a documentary film about penguins while Taksim was a battlefield. So, the penguin became a symbol for resisters to protect nature. Other important news channels like NTV and HaberTurk kept silent in spite of Haberturk’s building is in Taksim. Newspapers were thought objective, were silenced by the government at the beginning. In the upcoming days, lots of Turkish and Kurdish singers, from Turkey and abroad, compose new songs to aware people and animations were made satirized the minister Erdoğan over Gezi protests. After June 3, mainstream media came to Taksim to broadcast but they came across the resister’s reaction. The resisters reacted against the mainstream media and protested them. A lot of artists who were guests on tv shows protested the mainstream channels intellectively. The resisters came together in front of channels’ buildings and protested them. Let’s see some of them.

Along the process, yellow journalism reported as news according to expectation of the government. But the social media was client area for public in spite of including a lot of false news. The government published the resisters’ billions of tweets were looked over and warrants have been issued for a lot of resisters’ arrest. But the people could not be silence. Graffities were against the government, on the walls were painted by the municipal corporation. So, the people found a solution with an online wall on the Internet. They could write and draw what they want and they could share them on social network sites. The effects of Gezi Park protests have still continued on social and mainstream media. The resistance against bullying of the government is still going on in Turkey.

The Generation of 68

   In the world history, events that affect social, political, economic and cultural life, are named revolution, even they occur in a short time. Despite some of them do not revolutionize about relations of production, they change political development, ideologies, cultural life of societies. They pave the way for new initiatives and they give acceleration to sea changes. The movements of students in 1968 and the generation of the 68 that are symbolized by the year of events, are the process that is like the events mentioned above.
   In 1960s, when examining the history, it was not a surprise to begin occupation of universities.  The surprising event was the movement began in almost each of countries –instead of only European and the third world countries- in the same days and spread the other countries in a short time. Each process of history have provided to gain a different viewpoint and individuality to the emerging developments all around the world. In this point of view, we should examine the process of the world, in order to understand meaning and reasons of movements in 68. After the 50’s, capitalism system had been changed in couple of ways.
   As the USA entered the world market, it gave an international dimension to the flow of the capital and the directions of the flow as well. That change in the economy, not only was showing itself but also was affecting the economic level of the countries. After those effects, the new restricting in the social classes and according to this political and cultural differentiations were emerging.
   Young people were irritated by this chance and they thought that the living area was shrinking. Indeed, the rebellion against the system was raising due to the restriction of the liberty rights, not having the right to speak. The revolt was becoming a social problem growing day by day, and young people were the ones responding to that. Young people are the most sensitive to problems occurring in the community. While the problems that the society have is researched and generating solutions to them, it would be the hardest part to survey and make a research about the young generation. As the time is flowing quickly, the young generation will be the ones who keep up with this pace and direct it. It’s impossible to produce a solution to the social problems keeping the youth out of the case. The political authorities remaining indifferent to the demands of the youth had always failed in generating solutions. In additionally, the political authorities which respond with violence and repressive politics had been on the losing side. The history of the occurrence of the student protests is as old as the history of educational institutions. The emergence of student protests occurring in the world had been against sometimes to system of government, economy and social rights, sometimes to education system, democracy perception and cultural oppression. At the beginning of the 70s, the problem of finding solutions for the mass protests was the youth’s concern in the countries such as Germany, the Unites States, Italy and France. The problems of society was interpreted by the young people in the terms of autopoiesis and political solutions were produced accordingly. However, the attitude of the governments were as brutal as the demonstrations and the protests. Therefore, 68 movements spread around the world and demands uttered by the young generation increased steadily.

Controling Social Media to Avoid Resistance of Kurds and Dissent

One of the fact of the 21th century is social media and compurized crowds. Since technology and its facilities has become a huge part of our life, whole separete of the life has changed and this change has done through the digitalized world. So it cannot be ignored that not just people but also the system -means states and governments- try to improve their capabilities about what their duties. It means that people can use technology, social media to contact with other people or to get information easily. Or if it is thought about system it should be about what systems want to do. Is it imaginable that formal ideologies want to do something for benefits of society ? Of course no! The system just want to control and press the society ill-considered especially for the part of society which are dissident.
The begining of the surrounding of technology, if control of the information on internet and social media is left aside, the collecting of informations of people via computing has started with cloud computing and it is definetely connected the occuring of internet. The cloud computing has several defination and these definations are change vary from the parts of using technology to the parts of using technology. But according to the our subject we are going to discuss it about the controlling of society and pressing the outs. As it known that the basic way of controling the informations and cencoring them is to collect whole datas into the one database. And the cloud computing exactly means that!
Kurdish who do not want to be known as to think ideological monotony and behave classical way. Find and opportunity to demonstrate their connection with modern society with social network sites. The system make an effort to control it by comprising with social network sites because the system feel uneasy about all of opporents and that process is resulted in action and reaction. The people in that sites might be blacklisted by the system. Therefore, the freedom that derives from the internet is limited by the surveillance of goverment.