That revolution started on 18 December 2010 and it includes all Arab countries. This uprising began in Tunisia and then it spread to another Arap countries. Those are countries: Egypt, Yemen, Libya, Bahrain, Syria, Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco, Sudan, Mauritania, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, Western Sahara and in the Palestinian Authority.
What does mean Arap Spring?
The Arab Spring is a term that refers to the revolutionary wave of protests that have spread through many North African and Middle Eastern countries. (The Arap awakening: Revolution spinning in the wind,Jul 14th 2011 | Cairo | From the print edition)
There were lots of motivations for this uprasing. Such as unemployment, government control, censorship and there was no freedom of speech. The dictators of all Arab countries were unique power. They were regulating and controlling their countires strictly.
What was the role of technology for Arab Spring?
Even the control of the goverments was strictly, and people couldn’t express themselves freely, the use of social media was effectively. Twitter, Facebook and Blogs were using a lot by protesters and activits. During the Arab Spring and before the uprising people were using the social media to organize, to meet and to communicate with each other. People defended their personal rights against to the government. That’s why the social media and the role of the technology were very important.
Clary Shirky is an American instructor, writer and consultant. His article The Political Power of Social Media published in 2011. In that article, he explanis how the using of social media may affect regimes and politics. Besides, he also mentions about the sucess and failures of social media using by its users such as citizens, politics or dissidents people. He gives various example all around the world. For example, from Philippines, Iran, China and U.S .
According to Shirky’s article the power may afraid of the social media users because, they (the power,the politicians or the governments ) can topple by the citizens who use social media actively. If someone asks, how can it be possible? Yes, it can be possible. There are various examples as evidence in that article. For instance, at the time of The Red Shirt uprasing, people were communicating with social media tools. Protesters were savvy with the using of social media occupied downtown Bangkok (The capital of Thailand). Till Thai government dispersed and killing protesters. As shown in that example, the social media encourages people, citizens or dissidents to be heard, to say something or to unite them around the same aims. Social media gives a freedom. On the other hand, social media tools can censorship by the governments to prevents people’s virtual freedom. Shirky defines the instrumental view in his article. ”The instrumental view is politically appealing, action-oriented, and almost certainly wrong. It overestimates the value of broadcast media while underestimating the value of media that allow citizens to communicate privately among themselves.” Those private communications, conversations or even messages among the citizens may leads to new movements.
In conclusion, i agree with The Political Power of Social Media sociologists Elihu Katz and Paul Lazarsfeld opinions which are in Sciky’s article, ”Mass media alone do not change people’s minds; instead, there is a two-step process. Opinions are first transmitted by the media, and then they get echoed by friends, family members, and colleagues. It is in this second, social step that political opinions are formed. This is the step in which the Internet in general, and social media in particular, can make a difference.” There is an interraction between people who use social media or who has a virtual identity. They always affect each others.