Green Movement and Social Media
Iran Islamic revolution also known as the Islamic Revolution of Iran in 1979. Iran was a monarchy founded by Shah Mohammed Pahlavi before the Green Revolution. Pahlavi wanted did some secular changing in Iran. People generally were migrate from the village of Iran to Tahran and bıg cıty and they were supported Islamic aim and clergy. The Sii clergy always had a great influence on the part of the Iranian population, which was religious and traditional and rejected Western influence in Iranian society.
The clergy first showed themselves to be a powerful political force in opposition to Iran’s monarch with the 1891 ‘Tabacco Protest’ boycott that effectively destroyed an unpopular concession granted by the Shah giving a British company a monopoly over buying and selling tobacco in Iran.
Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi maintained a close relationship with the U.S. government, both regimes sharing an opposition to the expansion of the Soviet Union, Iran’s powerful northern neighbor. Because of Shah was known for its outocracy, its focused on modernization and westernization for digregard for religious and democratic measures in Iranian constitution. Leftist, nationalist and Islamist groups attacked his government (often from outside Iran as they were suppressed within) for violating the Iranian constitution, political correction and the political oppression by the SAVAK (secret police).
By 1977, the Shah’s policy of political liberalization was underway. As a result, with less SAVAK surveillance, for the first time in a decade and a half, opposition figures were able to organize. Secular middle class opponents of the Shah began to meet together in crowds denouncing the government. The Shah was increasingly angered by Khomeini’s actions, who was gaining popularity due to his “no-compromise” attitude towards his government. Some of the students rampaged throughout the city, setting fire to anything they saw as being “un-Islamic”, such as girl’s schools, movie theaters, restaurants, etc. They finally did, and the death toll was 2 policemen and 6 protesters.
In January 1980 Abolhassan Bonisadr was elected president of Iran. Though an adviser to Khomeini, he was a leftist who clashed with another ally of Khomeini, the theocratic Islamic Republic Party (IRP) – the controlling power in the new parliament.
From Khomeini to Ahmadinejad
After Khomeini, Ahmadinejad took over power in Iran. Since the 1979 Revolution has been a strong opposition within the existing system.
After Ahmadinejad had taking over power, the economic situation did not get better and as a result of this, the regime was strongly opposed by opponent.
Allegations of corruption in the June 2009 election, led the country to in a big economical crisis and social chaos. The problem which was growing in Iran was not a continuation of the Arabic spring (Tunisia and Egypt). That was a result of the election in Iran, 2009.
The political events which were happening in Iran, just encouraged to the regime dissidents but the political events which were happening in Arabic countries were aiming to change the regime. After the elections of Iran in 2009, the events were spread by social media. As a result of this, people began to organize against Ahmadinejad . But this situation did not last long. Ahmadinejad’s administration had cut the Internet in the country. Social media ( facebook, tweeter ) has been banned and dissidents communication has been interrupted and cut off their communication with other countries. Their voices could not announce to the world media.
All these events which were occurring in Iran, put stop the revolution like Tunisia and Egypt, with the end of the protest.
These management approach of Iran which was coming from Khomeini to Ahmadinejad is a big barrier in front of the revolution in Iran. At the same time Iran’s management approach created its own system and general percent of people in Iranian want to have their the hierocracy system. So a minor part of society who wants to have secular and democratic life in Iran has not a opportunity to change the system of hierocracy. The social structure of Iran is different from Arabic society and countries. Like many Arabic countries were colonial countries of European country but Iran has not been a colonial of any European country. Therefore Shah government was fallen over by Khomeini. Iran’s opposition movement within the system due to a vary in other Middle Eastern countries. This feature is to remove Iran from being a domino and there is no effect of social media.