Anti-capitalism and anti-globalization movements in Argentina

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Photo Credit: argentina.indymedia.org

The beginning of 2000’s, a serious economical crisis appeared in Argentina. Argentina’s economy was dominated by World Bank and International Money Fon. Because of globalisation and neo-liberal transformation, economical crises was felt deeply. Argentina’s natioanal money, named Pezo was loosing its exchange value day by day. Poority were rising, middle class lost their opportunies. Thousands of people’s life standarts changed as from middle class to lower class.

Neo-liberal transformation and globalisation were causing many social-economical problems like an unemployment. Twenty five percent of workers lost their job in short time-period. Many social systems, such as educational system and health system came to stopline. All of them transformed from socialisation to privatisaition. A massive uprising came after that problematic issues.

In December 2001, thousand of people gathering on Buenos Aires streets. Protestors were totally against politicians of those days and their policies. Protestor’s main slogan was “All of them (all politicians) must go!”. Protests transformed as a big revolt. The Governement resigned because of the massive demonstrations. So it can be said that, protestors achieved goal.

Protesters’ main demands were “job for everybody”. They were against deregulated capitalism and they anticipated new political-economical system. Massive resistance in Argentine, includes many people from different classes, groups and political perspectives. Protestors consist of middle class, lower class, workers, houswifes, unemployees, youth, retirets.

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Photo Credit: libcom.org

In interview, published on democracynow.org, Professor Adamovsky from Buenos Aires University, said that “It was special moment of solidarity between lower and middle classes against neo-liberal measures”.

Unfortunately, national media covered news about uprising, from power’ perspective. Media tried to represent protestors as a terrorist or vandalist but they were not. State used hard police violance during the uprising.

Effects

The other important effect of revolt that some companies permanently socialized by workers during the uprising. New Government tried to make a reform on many issues, especially political-economical system. The new government’s first radical step was rejection of external debt. IMF reconstructed Argentina’s debt plan. New Government accept to pay only thirty five cent for each one dollar of external debt. Deregulated capitalism policies were stopped by Government who defined themselves as a social democrat. With the new economy policy, unemployment rate declined, economical growth rised. Of course, whole system did not changed but, crucially important reforms were made. New organizational forms created by protestors during the massive protests.

Sources:

theguardian.com

haber.sol.org.tr

democracynow.org

thetake.org

marxist.com

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